Bladder Cancer Awareness Month: What is Bladder Cancer? Its symptoms, causes, types, risk elements, prevention.
Bladder cancer is the world’s 10th most prevalent cancer and the sixth most common cancer in the United States. May is Bladder Cancer Awareness Month, a time of year when Cancer Pharmacies, India’s affordable cancer medicine provider pharmacies, raise awareness about bladder cancer and its global prevalence, and encourage people to make direct, positive, and healthy changes in their lives to keep their bladders healthy.
According to Harris M. Nagler, MD, President of the Urology Care Foundation, “about 5,55,000 instances of bladder cancers are diagnosed each year around the world, including nearly 81,000 in the United States.” “It’s critical for men and women to recognise the signs, symptoms, and risk of bladder cancers, and to seek reputable health education and information from organisations like the Urology Care Foundation.”
In India alone, there were 18,921 new instances of bladder cancer in 2020, with a male incidence rate of 2.4 and a female incidence rate of 0.7 per lakh population. Males had a mortality rate of 1.3, while females had a rate of 0.3.
What is bladder Cancer?
Bladder cancer is a common cancer that starts in the bladder’s cells. The bladder is a hollow muscular structure that retains urine in your lower belly.
Bladder cancer is most commonly found in the cells that line the bladder’s lining (urothelial cells). Urothelial cells can be found in your kidneys and the tubes (ureters) that connect them to the bladder.
Urothelial carcinoma can develop in the kidneys and ureters, but it is significantly more common in the bladder. The majority of bladder cancers are discovered early, when they are still treatable. However, even early-stage bladder malignancies can recur following treatment. As a result, people with this cancer may need to undergo follow-up testing for years after treatment to ensure there is no recurrence.
Symptoms of Bladder Cancer
Symptoms and indicators of bladder cancer include:
1. Blood in the urine (hematuria), which can make the urine appear bright red or cola-colored, while the pee can also appear normal, and blood can be discovered on a lab test.
2. Urinating frequently
3. Urination that Hurts
When should you see a doctor?
If your urine is darker than usual and you are concerned that it contains blood, make an appointment with your doctor.
Causes of Bladder Cancer
This cancer is caused by mutations in the DNA of bladder cells. The DNA of a cell carries instructions that teach it what to do. The modifications instruct the cell to reproduce quickly and to continue to live even when healthy cells would die. A tumour is formed when abnormal cells infiltrate and destroy normal body tissue. The aberrant cells might break free and spread (metastasize) throughout the body over time.
Types of Bladder Cancer
1. Cancer of the Urothelium: Transitional cell carcinoma is a type of urothelial carcinoma that develops in the cells that line the inside of the bladder. When your bladder is full, urothelial cells expand, and when your bladder is empty, they contract. Cancers can form in the ureters and urethra, which are lined with the same cells. The most frequent kind of cancer in the United States is urothelial carcinoma.
2.Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Chronic bladder irritation, such as from an infection or long-term usage of a urinary catheter, has been linked to squamous cell carcinoma. In the United States, squamous cell bladder cancers are rare. This type of cancer is more common in areas where a parasitic infection known as schistosomiasis is a common cause of bladder infections.
3.Adenocarcinoma: Adenocarcinoma begins in the cells that make up the mucus-secreting glands in the bladder, which is where the disease first appears.Bladder adenocarcinoma is quite uncommon. Some bladder tumours contain many cell types.
The following factors may raise the risk of bladder cancer:
1. Smoking: By allowing hazardous chemicals to build up in the urine, smoking cigarettes, cigars, or pipes can raise the risk of bladder cancers. Your body processes the chemicals in smoke and excretes some of them in your urine when you smoke. These dangerous substances can injure the lining of your bladder, raising your cancer risk.
2. Old Age: As you become older, your risk of developing cancers rises. Though cancer can strike anyone at any age, the majority of those diagnosed are over the age of 55.
3. High Risk For Men: Bladder cancer is very normal in men and it’s a rare in women.
4. Certain Chemical Exposures: Your kidneys filter and transport toxic compounds from your circulation to your bladder. As a result, exposure to certain chemicals is likely to raise the risk of cancer. Arsenic, as well as chemicals used in dyes, rubber, leather, textiles, and painted goods, have been associated with bladder cancer risk.
5. Previously treated for Cancer: Cyclophosphamide, a cancer-fighting medication, raises the risk of cancers. People who have had pelvic radiation treatments for a previous cancer are more likely to get cancer.
6. Bladder Inflammation that Persists: Bladder inflammation that persists Chronic or recurrent urinary infections or inflammations (cystitis), such as those associated with long-term urinary catheter use, can raise the risk of squamous cell cancer. Squamous cell cancer has been associated to chronic bladder inflammation produced by the parasite disease schistosomiasis in several parts of the world.
7. Cancer in the family or personal history: You’re more likely to have this cancer again if you’ve had it before. Although this cancer seldom runs in families, if one of your blood relatives—a parent, sibling, or child—has had the disease, you may be at an increased risk. Lynch syndrome, also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC), increases the risk of cancers of the urinary system, colon, uterus, ovaries, and other organs in the family.
Although there is no way to completely avoid this cancer, there are things you can do to lower your risk. For example,
1. Avoid Smoking: Don’t start smoking if you don’t already. Talk to your doctor about quitting smoking. When working with chemicals, exercise caution. Follow all safety recommendations if you operate with chemicals.
2. Choose a variety of fruits and vegetables: Choose a colourful fruit and vegetable-rich diet. Fruits and vegetables include antioxidants that may help lower your cancer risk.
How to Find Affordable Cancer Medicines in India?
A lot of pharmacies are providing cancer medicine. But in today’s life, it’s not easy to find cost-effective bladder cancers medicines at affordable prices. Cancer medicines are very expensive in every country. Many cancer patients died as a result of these costly medications. Cancer pharmacies provide these cancer medicines at very reasonable prices. Cancer pharmacies provide cost effective bladder cancer medicines all over India.